Designed by VaniMedia for Spine & Pain Anderson, SC
Spine & Pain Management in Anderson, Easley, Greenville, Upstate SC
Pain in the neck, shoulders, head or the base of the skull that occurs after a motor
vehicle accident is often called “whiplash.” Most patients with whiplash recover
in a few weeks or at most, a few months, but 15 to 20% of people develop chronic
pain. Whiplash is not a trivial problem, because once it has occurred, only 70% have
recovered completely by one year and only 82% have recovered completely by two years.
In addition to neck pain, there are many symptoms associated with the whiplash syndrome
and include sleep problems, poor concentration and memory, blurry vision, ringing
in the ears, fatigue, and weakness.
The treatment for whiplash syndromes depends on the stage and degree of the problem
and which structures have been injured. In addition to soft tissue injury, pain that
persists after four to six months is usually due to injury to the facet joints, one
or more discs, or both. The diagnosis can usually be made by injections, MRI, and
X-rays. Treatment is usually successful, but requires physical therapy, injections,
and occasionally surgery.
The term, whiplash, is confusing because it is both a mechanism of injury and the
symptoms caused by a car accident. It is due to a traumatic event that causes the
head to move suddenly (“whip”) in one direction and then recoil in the other direction.
The most common cause of whiplash is a motor vehicle accident in which one vehicle
is struck from behind by another. However, it can occur when a car stops abruptly
after striking a pole, a wall, or another car, and can also occur after a side impact.
Significant damage to ligaments, discs, and joints can occur even if the swings of
extension and flexion are not excessive, but often the neck is forced to the extreme
ends of normal range or beyond. Because the trauma is usually sudden, occupants of
the car are not prepared for the impact. The muscles are relaxed, which allows more
forces on the discs, ligaments and joints. Perhaps the most important fact about
whiplash is that significant pain and structural damage can occur at crashes of low
velocity. LEARN MORE
Whiplash is a neck injury that can occur during rear-end automobile collisions, when
your head suddenly moves backward and then forward — similar to the motion of someone
cracking a whip. These extreme motions push your neck muscles and ligaments beyond
their normal range of motion. Whiplash injuries can be mild or severe. Most people
recover from whiplash in just a few weeks, but some people with whiplash injuries
develop chronic conditions that can be extremely painful and disabling.